Four Types Of Quad Bikes For Sale

Quad bikes are fantastic for recreational activities as they are rugged and can be driven over any kind of terrain. They provide great sporting thrill for any adventure savvy. If you are considering purchasing your very own bike, get familiar with the types of quad bikes for sale available in order to choose the one that is suitable for you.

Typically, there are four main categories utility, off-road, on-road and sport. Quads used for utility purposes normally come with a four-wheel drive and are larger than those designed for amusement. They come with firm suspensions as well as frames to carry heavy weight of more than 250 pounds. These are especially engineered to conquer rough territory and can even be used to tow other automobiles. They make ideal companions if you are involved in regular camping or farming as these bikes can carry heavy loads for you. Most utility quads come with full skid plates attached.

Off-road quads are wired to tread on uneven land. This type of bikes are highly sought-after although they are not designed to be driven on populated road since it does not come with lights, horns and mirrors as with any regular vehicle, making them illegal for street driving. However, the on-road version is fully equipped to be driven legally on roads. These are more practical as you can ride them off-road as well.

Recreational or sport bikes are normally smaller than the utility ones. These are considered as sport quads because they can be quickly accelerated. They are automatic, two-wheel drive automobiles that can be swiftly manoeuvred, offering fast movement to adventure enthusiasts. These are typically used in racing. Sport as well as utility quad automobiles can be used for on-road and off-road driving as long as they meet the legal requirements to drive them on the road.

When looking at quad bikes for sale, bear in mind that the smaller vehicles are normally equipped with engines as small as 50cc while the bigger ones are provided with engines that reach 1000cc or higher. The smaller engines are ideal for children, as children’s quads should not reach higher than 90cc. Test drive the bike to see whether it is what you are looking for. Because these automobiles are large and bulky, they can cause serious injurious. Ensure that you know how to ride it or have an expert supervise you. Opt to purchase a brand new vehicle instead of a used one.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

The Factors That Affect Your Pennsylvania Auto Insurance Rates

What factors affect the cost of your Pennsylvania auto insurance rates? It is important to understand these factors in order to find cheap Pennsylvania auto insurance rates because after all; who want to pay more for their PA car insurance policy than they have to?

The state of Pennsylvania like many others has their own requirements when it comes to automobile insurance. The state that has approximately 12 million people is home to many big cities such as Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. Rates change accordingly to where people live and what they drive. It is important to understand that rates are not the same for everyone and that there are many different things that you can do to lower your rates. Below you will find out some valuable information about automobile insurance rates in Pennsylvania and some key information about how rates are calculated.

Pennsylvania Auto Insurance Rates Of The Past

Although there is not exact figure of the average rate of car insurance premium that the everyday Pennsylvania resident pays nowadays, there are statistics that show how much they had paid in the past. In the year 2003 the average Pennsylvania premium was about $909 compared to the national average of about $914. It is important to understand that the premiums have been on the rise since then simply because automobiles have been converted to a necessity instead of a luxury. It is also known that the first drop of automobile insurance rates came in 2007 when most premiums dropped from 0.5 to 1% and in 2008 and beyond experts predict that the rates will go up again!

Determinants Of Automobile Insurance Rates In Pennsylvania

The PA automobile insurance industry like many others has determinants on how their rates are calculated. It is important to understand these important factors because the more you know about what determines your rate, the more money you may be able to save.

1. Place of Residence: One of the most important determinants of your PA car insurance rates is your place of residence. If you live in a rural community you will not pay that much in car insurance simply because the likelihood of an accident is not that great. On the other hand if you live in a big city like the ones mentioned above, you will have to pay more per month. Add to the many traffic jams and the number of accidents and the risk of your vehicle being stolen and the premium will increase to a great degree.

2. Your Age and Gender: This is one of the most important determinants of the rates in Pennsylvania automobile insurance industry. The rates in the auto insurance business are high when you are a teenager and you are starting to drive, are lower when you are a middle aged American (usually from 26-50) and then they get high again when you become a senior citizen. A reason for this is that teens and senior citizens tend to have a higher accident risk than do middle aged people. Your gender will also be a determinant because although there is a common widespread idea that women drive worse than men, it is men who get in more accidents than women because they tend to drive more aggressively. Because of this men’s rates are usually higher than those of women.

3. Vehicle Type and Year: This is very important because it is the most used determinant when it comes to insurance companies coming forth with a rate. Every year insurance companies get a top 100 countdown of the cars with the most injuries after an accident and the ones that are at the highest risk of being stolen. Those cars at the top of both categories will be the ones that will be expensive to insure because they are of more “risk” to the insurance company. Another thing important to highlight and that may be bad for those drivers that own sports cars is that insurance companies usually charge those drivers a lot more for car insurance. The reason for this is that in the automobile insurance business speed is associated with accidents and although some may argue that it is not fair to discriminate against sports car owners, the auto insurance industry does just that.

4. Credit Report: Many people don’t understand why this has anything to do with the rate of your automobile insurance. The truth is that for any insurance in the market nowadays, credit report is very important. If you have a good credit report you will have to pay less money than someone who doesn’t have good credit. This is simply because auto insurance companies are protecting themselves from those drivers that cannot pay regular monthly premiums.

Pennsylvania Automobiles With The Highest Car Insurance Rates

Most Expensive for Theft:

1. Four-Wheel drive Cadillac Escalade

2. Chevy Corvette Convertible

3. Four-Wheel drive Lincoln Navigator

4. Four door Jeep Cherokee

5. BMW Series 3 Convertible

Most Expensive for Injury:

1. Four Door Suzuki Esteem

2. Four Door Kia Rio

3. Two Door Mitsubishi Mirage

4. Four Door Kia Spectra

Most Expensive for Collision:

1. Four-Wheel Drive Subaru Impreza

2. Four Door Lexus IS 300

3. Two Door Hyundai Tiburon

4. Two Door Porsche 911

5. Acura RSX

Pennsylvania Auto Automobiles With The Lowest Car Insurance Rates

Least Expensive for Theft:

1. Buick LeSabre

2. Buick Park Avenue

3. Volvo 720 Station Wagon

4. Four-Door Mercury Grand Marquis

Least Expensive for Injury:

1. Two-wheel drive GMC Sierra 2500

2. Chevy Silverado 2500

3. Four-Wheel Drive GMC Yukon

4. Four-Wheel Drive GMC Sierra 2500

5. Two-Wheel Drive Chevy Tahoe

Least Expensive for Collision:

1. Two-Wheel Drive Ford Excursion

2. Four-Wheel Drive GMC Safari

3. GMC Sierra 2500

4. Four-Wheel Drive GMC Yukon

Go Find The Cheapest PA Car Insurance Rates!

If you paid attention through the entire article you may have seen that rates do not only depend on one thing, but they are many factors that work together to determine your PA car insurance rates. If somehow you fit under the categories of factors that will allow you to have a lower rate then congratulations! If on the other hand you live in a big city, drive a sports car, and your vehicle is at the top of the lost of most stolen vehicles then don’t panic; you can still find a well priced policy. Just make sure that you look around and do you homework because the more you search the better your rate will turn out to be!

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

National Car Auctions – Finding the Right Car at a National Auction

Joining national car auctions is a great opportunity to find a great vehicle at an unbelievably affordable price. Every year different local and state governments and law enforcement agencies regularly auction off used cars. These automobiles are seized or impounded vehicles from the various departments. They are then accumulated and sold off at public auto auctions. The primary reason behind this is not to gain money for the government but to recover expenses they incurred for towing and storage of the vehicles while under their custody. This is also the reason why they can sell these used cars at these vehicle auctions for a bargain.

Whose Car Am I Buying?

When you participate in national car auctions, the used automobiles that are up for grabs can come from anywhere. However, the vehicles for a government auto auction are vehicles seized from criminals. These vehicles are usually seized by the government and sold off at auto auctions. If you are lucky, many dealerships who might be involved in criminal activity have brand new automobiles seized and they almost always end up in these car auctions. Apart from law violators, the used cars could come from government organizations that retire their vehicles. This would include police cars and other government service vehicles.

Most of these used cars have racked up on mileage. However, they are usually well maintained. There are also seized vehicles coming from banks and lending companies. These were confiscated when a debtor fails to pay back their loans. To recover from their losses, the banks and lending companies sell these vehicles at car auctions.

All of the vehicles sold at national car auctions are different. They have different models and make. It is necessary for you to do your research and check the used cars thoroughly before placing your bid. Determine what type of automobile you are looking for before heading out to the auction field.

Once you have found a car that you want, make sure to check it thoroughly. It would be helpful if you could check the Vehicle Identification number or VIN and mileage. This will help you get a rough idea of the car that you want to get. It is also imperative that you understand how the car auction process works like what type of details they would require in case you won a bid. The Internet is a great place find answers about car auctions, you just need to spend some effort looking for it.

National car auctions have become an affordable way for many people to find the car of their dreams.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

It's a Doozie – The History of the Duisenberg Automobile Classic Motor Car

It can be said that many of the greatest things in life start off with humble beginnings. So is it with the Duisenberg Motor car. You may have heard the expression off times – "That's a Doozie" or "It's a Doozie". These are all references to a great car and car automaker of renown – the Duisenberg.

The Duisenberg began its life as the Auburn-Cord-Duisenberg. Ernest Lobban Cord began his career in the automobile industry in a most humble manner – as a simple repairer of model T Ford cars. It could be said that this start of the Duisenberg line met with even fairly mixed fortunes. – Mr. Cord said to have become a millionaire three separate times even before he reached the ripe and experienced age of 21 – losing his entire fortune fully each of the three times. Finally at the ripe old age of 30 years and with lasting and real wealth ,, Mr. Cord joined the failing Auburn company as its "general manager"., Bought a substantial share in the company and proceeded to bring Auburn back onto the path of financial security and wealth.

Aside from being obviously a clever engineer himself, Cord had the greatest ability and abilities to spot great talents and talents in others. As a result he spotted, hired and employed such classic notables and famous legends in the automobile trades as Gordon Buehrig, Harry Miller and Count Alexis de Sakhnoffsky. Next Mr. Cord promptly bought control of the Lycoming engine plant and the Duisenberg Company itself.

The Deisenberg brothers, Fred and August had originally begun by actually making bicycles in their adopted "home town" of Des Moines Iowa, before going into the sport of motor racing, building their first racing car in 1903. The Duisenberg Company itself was formed in 1912 to build race cars, and their success led inevitably to the manufacture of standard road cars. The first of the Duisenberg line of standard motor cars for the road and non-racing a driver was the Model A tourer. The Model A "Tourer" has been dated for the year 1920. It can be rightly said with truthfulness as well as knowledge that the Duisenberg road cars were more than heavily based on the knowledge and expertise gained from auto racing itself and were excellent examples of advanced engineering and automotive mechanical technologies of the time. The Duisenberg automotive product line quickly established a more than solid and well earned reputation on the roads just as the Duisenberg racing cars had collected a bevy of speed and racing records. Amazingly the Duisenberg racing group had taken the venerable race wins of Indianapolis in the years 1924, 1925 and 1927.

It can be said that Mr. Cord's tough leadership and empire-building ambitions had brought a most vital had brought a most effective combine into being and Auburn-Cord -Duisenberg proceeded to flourish in no uncertain terms. Unfortunately Cord's timing was particularly bad and all of his projects reached fruition in the same fateful year – 1929, the same year as the great stock market "crash". Miller, himself, patented his version of "Front Wheel Drive"

The following year – 1929 – in which for the first time the Cord nameplate itself was used – the L29 was introduced and released for sale. Designed by Carl van Ranst, it carried Miller's front axle setup. Next in line were such speedy and flighty cars as the Auburn Speedster which was had the distinction of being the first car line that stated and guaranteed that each car had been individually been speed tested to 100 miles per hour.

Hence the Duisenberg reputation as fine motor cars of great speed as well as beauty was born, cultured and maintained. It's no accident that the name Duisenberg carries such a reputation and notoriety among car aficionados.

The expression "It's a Doozie" has been well earned.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Automobile and Car Locksmith Services

Many people think of a car locksmith when they lock their keys in the car and cannot get in it. A car locksmith can provide many additional services if you have locked the keys inside of the car. These services include rekeying the doors, ignition, emergency vehicle and trunk opening, key extraction, and much more.

Some people drive high security vehicles today that have transponder chips in them. You can start your car by the press of a button. Losing a transponder like this could seem devastating and if you call the manufacturer of your vehicle, they will charge you an arm and a leg. A car locksmith can actually help you with installing an entirely new system if you lose your keyless entry system.

The most common reason people call a locksmith is to get inside a locked car with the keys inside of it. Many women will put their purse and keys in the front seat, children in the back seat, and the groceries in the trunk, and realize they have locked their children in the car. This is extremely common, except it can be very dangerous on a hot summer day and the windows are up. A locksmith can pop the lock of the car and get you inside of it. However, a car locksmith can also open a trunk if you have locked your keys in the trunk. If you have lost your keys, no matter the type, a locksmith can help by rekeying the ignition and the doors.

A car locksmith is available 24 hours a day to assist people locked out of their vehicles. In most cases, it is usually cheaper to pay a locksmith than to call your insurance company to assist you. Most people have a deductible with their insurance company much higher than what the locksmith is going to charge you. Not all locksmiths accept vehicle insurance but most do. Any type of emergency lock service you need for a vehicle, it is best to call a locksmith.

Many people get into cars themselves when they lock their keys in it. The problem is that doing this can cause damage to the paint, the interior of the door, and even cause problems with the window. A car locksmith has the appropriate equipment to open a door quickly and gain you access. There is no reason to spend hours causing damage to a lock when a locksmith can take care of it.

Always call a car locksmith if you have troubles with a lock in a vehicle. If you have locked your keys in the car, if you cannot get in a locked trunk, if you need to rekey the ignition, and if you have lost an auto starting mechanism for a keyless vehicle, call a locksmith.

http://car-locksmiths.com/

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Current Economic Condition of Auto Industry Affects Steel Market

Steel, the biodegradable super-metal, is incorporated into countless facets of human life. One of the most widespread uses for steel is the manufacturing of automobiles. The cars that we drive are made up of this lightweight, durable material. However, due to the current faltering condition of the auto industry, steel manufacturers are seeing a drop in sales due to decreased demand for consumer automobiles. 

In the United States, the automotive industry accounts for a large portion of steel manufacturing business. In North America alone, automakers produced 16.5 million units in 2006. The projected output for 2009 is 10.5 million units, a 36 percent decline. For those of us living in the Midwest, this economic crisis hits close to home. Detroit and the surrounding area has always been a hub for automobile producers, home to Ford Motor Co. and General Motors Corp. Due to their close link with the auto industry, steel producers and manufacturers are also hard-hit. MCN, or Metal Center News, recently published a survey of 45 toll processing and steel manufacturing companies. The results indicated that a majority of the respondents (57 percent) sighted their business being down by an average of 22 percent in 2008. However, 16 percent claimed flat revenues and 27 percent recorded gains.  So, even though the general market trend is headed in a downward slope, there are still companies that site profit. 

In this dismal economy, it is important to remember the positives. Chrysler, one of the United States’ top three auto producers, has recently declared bankruptcy.  However, on May 30, 2009, the auto giant entered into federal bankruptcy protection. With help from President Obama and government funds, Chrysler has partnered with Fiat and will continue to produce automobiles for the American market. Many of these auto companies are forced to merge, considering that current economic conditions will not allow them to stand on their own feet.  These collaborations can yield positive and negative returns for steel producers.  When one company partners with another, two clients then turn into one, which may result in decreased profits.  However, steel producers benefit because Chrysler did not go under. The company is still producing automobiles, which means that they will still need steel to make these cars, which is good news for steel producers. 

TAG LINE

The author of this article is a representative of Capital Steel & Wire, an international distributor of steel bars, steel wire and wire rods. Visit them on the web at capitalsteel.net.  

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

How to Jump Start an Automobile Battery?

There can be several reasons due to which car batteries can lose their ability to start an engine. It is possible to recharge the batteries by undertaking a jump start. While undertaking a kick off start it is essential to follow a methodical process. By means of following a systematic process, it is possible to ensure personal safety and avoid electrical problems. Automotive batteries are subjected to frequent explosions. This is the main reason as to why one should wear protective goggles while undertaking any kind of repair work. Mishaps can frequently occur in these devices as they contain hydrogen gas. It is a fact worth mentioning that exploding batteries are an extremely rare phenomenon. In order to impart a jump start, two vehicles are required. It is necessary to park the booster vehicle in close proximity with the vehicle that needs the kick off start. After that, it is necessary to apply brake on both the automobiles. One should ensure that one end of the jumper cable is attached to the red clamp while the other end is fixed to the black clamp. The metal clamps should be free of corrosion.

While making the connections, it is necessary to connect the red clamp to the positive terminal of the malfunctioning power unit. One should make sure that the connection is secure. The other clamp should be connected to the positive terminal of the battery of the booster automobile. The black clamps of the jumper cable should be connected to the negative terminal of the booster automobile. The last free clamp should be fixed to a metal ground on the engine. By following the above mentioned steps, it is possible to successfully set up the connection. Batteries are known to lose charge on a regular basis. It is necessary to jump start them on a regular basis. In order to ensure the safety of the vehicle it is mandatory to follow the above mentioned guidelines.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

GPS Personnel Tracker or Automobile Tracking Systems Help Families and Businesses

A GPS tracking device is a unit that utilizes the ‘Global Positioning System’ in order to track persons, vehicles, or any other assets. If you have a personnel tracker it is easy to monitor your employees on the job. However, although workplace surveillance has been permitted, there are limitations on how much an employer can track his employees.

Benefits of Vehicle Tracking Devices

Technology helps transportation companies monitor their vehicles, as well as their drivers; they can access data using automobile tracking systems. The device is beneficial because — it streamlines transportation companies, helps avoid accidents, and assists with saving money. It can help emergency services by keeping track of ambulances; this can be a crucial factor in helping to save lives. After tracking the exact spot of an emergency scene, authorities can send ambulances. Another great advantage of the device is you can download it to your PC if you wish to find out more information, at a later time. Often this will be required in the case of accidents. It can help the police force by ensuring safety of the personnel; the police can deploy available forces when required. It is helpful for restaurants that have delivery service, so they can monitor the exact location of the drivers. Public transportation companies are using this technology to provide commuters real-time information.

Shipment Tracking

A cargo ship track is possible with the help of a GPS tracking device. Providers of ocean freights are benefiting from this device. Reduced theft and better customer service are just a few of the advantages. The tracking system also can monitor valuable shipment. The devices have weather-proof containers and extended-life batteries. The gadgets can be installed inconspicuously on heavy equipment for the purpose of monitoring discreetly. It can reduce your claims on cargo insurance; in fact, there are some insurance companies that require these systems. Shipping companies can offer the tracking system service as a perk to their clients. Additionally, there will be fewer inquiries about arrival times or port delays. If you have a shipping business, the tracking technology can take care of a single vessel or a fleet of ships.

Personal GPS Tracker

A tracking device for personal use is a great tool especially for parents. A GPS child tracking system is a superb way to monitor your children. You can use the device along with a simple software application. It can be kept in your child’s backpack which will provide updates to your email or phone. You will know the exact location of your child. It also keeps a record of the places the person visited. Child locators can keep you at peace when you take them to a crowded place. If your teen drives, you can monitor his whereabouts as the device also works as a vehicle monitoring system.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

The Importance of Technical Knowledge in Modern Auto Sales Training

Technical knowledge is becoming increasingly more important in modern auto sales training. In the past it was sufficient for salesmen and women to be able to explain to customers how their cars should be serviced and answer general everyday questions such as what the carburetor does.

In fact, even these questions were few and far between because cars driven by gas (petroleum) powered internal combustion engine had not changed much since Karl Benz’s invention in 1885. Yes, various aspects of car design had changed significantly but not the way they were powered. Today we have alternatives.

Staff selling automobiles today must be trained in the differences between the various fuel types: gas, diesel, electric, LPG and whatever else is developed. The days are gone when new developments in automobiles and other vehicles take years to come into production, let alone become available to regular customers.

Potential Questions on Modern Automobile Technology

Here are some of the technical aspects of automobiles about which your sales staff are liable to be asked, and for which they will be expected to have expert knowledge.

  • What’s the difference between diesel and gas?
  • Is diesel cheaper than gas and are diesel cars harder to maintain that regular cars?
  • What’s a hybrid?
  • How do hybrid running costs compare to diesel and gas?
  • How do I change from gas to electric in a hybrid?
  • Where is the nearest electric car charging point to me?
  • Will an electric car get me to my work every day for less cost than another fuel?
  • What’s a hydrogen cell?
  • Are hybrids/electric/hydrogen cell cars easy to maintain – can I fix faults myself?

If you sell vehicles that use any of the above alternative energy sources then visitors to your dealership or car lot will expect you to be able to answer these questions – or questions like them. You can likely think of several more – perhaps through experience!

Importance of a Car Sales Course

Do you have a training course that helps your staff find out where to get this information? Do you teach your staff – or even yourself – these basic fundamentals of modern car technology? Or do you expect them to teach themselves? It is extremely important that your auto sales personnel are aware of each of the above auto fuel options and are able to answer questions about them. But that’s not all they must know!

Another aspect of auto sales knowledge that has changed in recent times is the interaction between prospect and salesperson. Has every member of your sales staff been trained in how to approach and communicate with a new visitor to your lot or showroom? If the first approach and interaction goes wrong, then you can forget about that prospect becoming a customer.

The days are well gone when you could take on a new salesmen or women with little or no sales experience and expect them to learn on the job. Effective auto sales personnel are now well-trained people who understand sales psychology as well as every car on the lot! They can answer questions on hybrids and power cells, and offer advice based on sound technical knowledge.

Sales Staff Auto Sales Training

However, it’s the approach that counts, and how auto sales personnel can interact with prospects that make the difference between a sale to a happy customer and a disgruntled prospect walking off the lot to go somewhere else. A car sales course can make the difference between success and failure, and by sending staff to an auto training course, you can make a significant improvement to your sales figures.

If you are an individual with a desire to make auto sales your chosen career, a recognized car sales course can make all the difference to you as well. By showing a prospective employer your course diploma, you will put yourself ahead of all those applicants without one.

So what is needed by successful car sales staff today – male or female? It is a knowledge of cars and their alternative power sources, and also proper training in how to sell the; how to approach visitors and convert them into new customers; how to retain the customers you have and how to send everybody way so impressed that they will sing your praises to everybody willing to listen! A car sales course can offer most of this – if not all!

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Automobile Appraisal Expert Witnesses For Litigation

According to the latest US census data, there were 10.8 million traffic accidents in 2009, with similar numbers seen in other years. Those are a lot of auto insurance and personal injury claims, each one requiring expert auto appraisers to evaluate the vehicleular damage. If the insurance company has reason to reject any claims, the same experts could be asked to take the stand as auto appraisal expert witnesses.

Unfortunately, too many auto accidents are also the result of criminal negligence. Such cases usually involve serious charges, such as DUI, speeding, reckless driving, and even vehicular manslaughter. During the trail, lawyers will often rely on automobile appraisal expert witnesses to help prove their interpretation of the facts.

When is an auto appraisal expert needed?

Broadly speaking, an accident can be caused either by a mistake by one or more drivers, or due to some malfunction or failure in one of the vehicles. Since vehicles are often badly damaged and torn apart in the aftermath of a high-speed crash, how can the court decide what was responsible for the accident?

A qualified automobile professional can look for tell-tale signs of common problems, even in the worst damaged vehicles. Experience is also important, and a senior auto appraiser can use accumulated practical knowledge to analyze an accident scene.

Some cases require auto appraisal expert witnesses with a narrow focus of expertise. For instance, if a lawyer is convinced that her client's accident was caused due to a particular car model's faulty design, she will look for auto experts with long-term experience of that brand and model. Such expert witnesses can give first-person testimony based on real, practical experience.

Finding the right automobile expert

Really, it depends on the case. However, good lawyers follow some basic guidelines in selecting auto appraisal expert witnesses to support their side. This is because a court trial is an adversarial situation, where both sides will try to bring the better, more qualified expert.

When it comes to vehicular accident cases, both lawyers and juries seem to prefer practicing professionals from the automobile industry over non-professional and academic experts. Lawyers also look for auto experts who have the highest industry qualifications. It helps if the expert is also able to demonstrate an ongoing interest in updating and improving professional skills.

Lawyers are also interested in the candidates' personality and appearance. In court, the experts have to be able to communicate complicated concepts, present their own opinions and conclusions, and defend them against cross-examination (which can get quite forceful!)

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment